Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease.
Complex intracardiac anatomy and spatial relationships are inherent to congenital heart defects (CHDs). Recognition of the limitations of two-dimensional echocardiography has stimulated clinical interest in three-dimensional imaging. The current review examines contemporary studies in the following areas where three-dimensional echocardiography has provided additive value in CHD: (1) visualization of morphology, (2) quantitation of chamber sizes and ventricular function, and (3) image-guided interventions.
Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)
Child; Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional; Echocardiography, Transesophageal; Heart Defects, Congenital; Humans
EKG; ECG; CHD; Children
Shirali, G. S. Three-dimensional echocardiography in congenital heart disease. Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.) 29, 242-248 (2012).