Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-1-2011

Identifier

PMCID: PMC3022385 DOI: 10.1016/j.echo.2010.10.015

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Echocardiography is the imaging modality of choice for the evaluation of coronary artery (CA) abnormalities in Kawasaki disease. Small series have established high specificity and sensitivity for detecting abnormalities, yet visualization rates of individual CA segments and factors associated with success are unknown.

METHODS: In the Pediatric Heart Network's randomized trial of primary steroid treatment for Kawasaki disease, echocardiograms were interpreted locally and by a core laboratory. Univariate and multivariate predictors of CA visualization by the local lab as determined by the core lab were explored, and agreement of CA size measured locally and by the core lab was assessed.

RESULTS: A total of 589 echocardiograms from 199 patients were obtained over 27 months. Visualization rates for the left main, proximal and distal left anterior descending, and proximal right CAs ranged from 91% to 98% but were lower for the distal right (65%), circumflex (86%), and posterior descending (54%) CAs. For the distal right and circumflex CAs, visualization rates improved over the course of the study (P

CONCLUSIONS: Successful CA visualization in Kawasaki disease is associated with the segment being evaluated and is influenced by center volume and sedation use. Increased visualization rates over time suggest a learning curve and underscore the value of core lab oversight in pediatric multicenter trials.

Journal Title

Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography

Volume

24

Issue

1

First Page

53

Last Page

59

MeSH Keywords

Child, Preschool; Comorbidity; Coronary Artery Disease; Coronary Vessels; Echocardiography; Female; Humans; Incidence; Male; Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome; Reproducibility of Results; Risk Assessment; Risk Factors; Sensitivity and Specificity; United States

Keywords

Kawasaki Disease

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