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ADHD affects 1 out of 11 children (ages 4-17)

Cost of psychiatric disorders: – Limited investigation in children and adolescents. – Limited studies on economic burden of ADHD in the US

A recent study showed increased cost of healthcare in $USD for patients with ADHD in United States.

Hypothesis: – Costly non-ambulatory services contribute to this discrepancy

Objective: To compare non-ambulatory health care utilization patterns of patients with and without ADHD in a large socioeconomically, racially and geographically diverse population.


Retrospective review of data from Cerner Health Facts ®.

A total of 190,365 patients with ADHD and 131,473 patients without ADHD who received non-ambulatory care across the United States.

– Ages 3-19 years

– Three year period (2014-2016)

4,000 patients on each group

Looking at the most expensive aspects of care

Statistical analysis

: – Two-sided independent t-tests for continuous variables.

– Chi-square or Fisher's exact test for categorical variables.

Conclusion: Non-ambulatory care use by children with ADHD is likely to be the high cost services; patients are likely to be admitted and stay longer in the hospital

Publication Date



Behavioral Medicine | Pediatrics

When and Where Presented

Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting, Toronto, Canada, May 2018

Patterns of use of non-ambulatory care services in patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder