Current Operative Management of Meckel Diverticulum
Meckel diverticulum is a true diverticulum, containing all layers of the bowel wall. It results from failure of the omphalomesenteric duct to regress. The incidence is estimated to be 1–2%, though the true rate is unknown as only approximately 4% are symptomatic and the risk of developing symptoms decreases with age. While the actual values vary, the often taught “rule of 2s” remains useful: the incidence is 2%, the male to female ratio is 2:1, the presentation is mostly before 2 years of age, the location is within 2 ft. (60 cm) from the ileocecal valve, and they are approximately 2 cm in diameter and 2 in (5 cm) long and can contain two types of heterotopic mucosa.
ESPES Manual of Pediatric Minimally Invasive Surgery
Sobrino J.A., Holcomb G.W. (2019) Current Operative Management of Meckel Diverticulum. In: Esposito C., Becmeur F., Steyaert H., Szavay P. (eds) ESPES Manual of Pediatric Minimally Invasive Surgery. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00964-9_33