Off-label use of intravenous antimicrobials for inhalation in patients with cystic fibrosis.
Management of infections in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) presents challenges for healthcare providers, including the eradication of initial acquisition, treatment of acute exacerbations, and chronic infection with suppressive therapy. Inhaled antimicrobial therapy for infections in patients with CF has been used in these capacities, often in an effort to achieve optimal concentrations in sputum for antimicrobial efficacy while mitigating potential toxicities associated with systemic therapy. Unfortunately, there are few commercially available products formulated for inhalation, resulting in the off-label use of other formulations, such as intravenous products, administered via nebulization. This review aims to examine the evidence supporting the efficacy of these off-label formulations for management of acute and chronic infections associated with CF, as well as adverse effects associated with their use.
54 Suppl 3
Administration, Inhalation; Anti-Bacterial Agents; Cystic Fibrosis; Humans; Off-Label Use; Pneumonia, Bacterial; Pseudomonas Infections; Pseudomonas aeruginosa
antimicrobials; cystic fibrosis
McKinzie CJ, Chen L, Ehlert K, et al. Off-label use of intravenous antimicrobials for inhalation in patients with cystic fibrosis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2019;54 Suppl 3:S27-S45. doi:10.1002/ppul.24511