Title

The effect of persistent toe walking on the skeletal development of the pediatric foot and ankle.

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-2018

Identifier

DOI: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000461

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether persistent idiopathic toe walking leads to compensatory skeletal changes in the pediatric foot and ankle. Foot radiographs of children diagnosed with idiopathic toe walking and sex-matched and age-matched controls were retrospectively reviewed. Five blinded providers assessed the foot radiographs for skeletal changes to the ankle. The relationship between each measure and toe-walking status was examined. Providers observed radiographic evidence of skeletal changes of the talus in idiopathic toe walkers compared with controls, suggesting that persistent toe walking impacts the skeletal development of the talus.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: prognostic level III.

Journal Title

Journal of pediatric orthopaedics. Part B / European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America

Volume

27

Issue

1

First Page

77

Last Page

81

MeSH Keywords

Adolescent; Ankle; Biomechanical Phenomena; Case-Control Studies; Child; Female; Foot; Gait; Humans; Male; Movement Disorders; Range of Motion, Articular; Retrospective Studies; Talus; Toes; Weight-Bearing

Keywords

Adolescent; Ankle; Biomechanical Phenomena; Case-Control Studies; Child; Female; Foot; Gait; Humans; Male; Movement Disorders; Range of Motion, Articular; Retrospective Studies; Talus; Toes; Weight-Bearing

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