Allergic rhinitis is an allergen-induced response leading to inflammation of the nasal membranes. This is a common disorder increasing in prevalence in the Western Hemisphere and negatively impacts quality of life in affected individuals. Allergic rhinitis can significantly impair productivity and social functioning in both children and adults due to the bothersome symptoms of this disease. Indoor and outdoor exposures can lead to symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Pollens, mold spores, pet, and pest exposures are the cause of symptoms in most patients. Primary symptoms of allergic rhinitis are sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal congestion, and itching. Allergy testing in the forms of skin test and in vitro blood test is necessary to confirm the diagnosis, keeping in mind that history-guided testing is essential. Treatment options vary depending on the patient age and preference. These options include allergen avoidance, pharmacotherapy, and allergen immunotherapy. Therefore, the goal is treatment directed toward improvement of symptoms and quality of life.
Allergy and Asthma
Allergic rhinitis; Rhinitis; Immunotherapy; Histamine; Antihistamine; Allergy testing; AIT
Rath N., Aljubran S. (2019) Allergic Rhinitis. In: Mahmoudi M. (eds) Allergy and Asthma. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-05147-1_5