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DOI: 10.3390/jcm12134251; PMCID: PMC10342380


Our objective was to examine serum ferritin trends after conversion to permanent vascular access (PVA) among children who started hemodialysis (HD) using tunneled cuffed catheters (TCC). Retrospective chart reviews were completed on 98 subjects from 20 pediatric HD centers. Serum ferritin levels were collected at the creation of PVA and for two years thereafter. There were 11 (11%) arteriovenous grafts (AVG) and 87 (89%) arteriovenous fistulae (AVF). Their mean TCC use was 10.4 ± 17.3 months. Serum ferritin at PVA creation was elevated at 562.64 ± 492.34 ng/mL, increased to 753.84 ± 561.54 ng/mL (p = < 0.001) in the first year and remained at 759.60 ± 528.11 ng/mL in the second year (p = 0.004). The serum ferritin levels did not show a statistically significant linear association with respective serum hematocrit values. In a multiple linear regression model, there were three predictors of serum ferritin during the first year of follow-up: steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome as primary etiology (p = 0.035), being from a center that enrolled >10 cases (p = 0.049) and baseline serum ferritin level (p = 0.017). Increasing serum ferritin after conversion to PVA is concerning. This increase is not associated with serum hematocrit trends. Future studies should investigate the correlation of serum transferrin saturation and ferritin levels in pediatric HD patients.

Journal Title

J Clin Med






arteriovenous fistula; arteriovenous graft; ferritin; hemodialysis; pediatric


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