Current State of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Remote Monitoring in Pediatrics and Congenital Heart Disease: A PACES-Sponsored Quality Improvement Initiative.

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DOI: 10.1007/s00246-023-03348-x


Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) remote transmissions are an integral part of longitudinal follow-up in pediatric and adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) patients. To evaluate baseline CIED remote monitoring (RM) data among pediatric and ACHD centers prior to implementation of a Pediatric and Congenital Electrophysiology Society (PACES)-sponsored quality improvement (QI) project. This is a cross-sectional study of baseline CIED RM. Centers self-reported baseline data: individual center RM compliance was defined as high if there was > 80% achievement and low if < 50%. A total of 22 pediatric centers in the USA and Australia submitted baseline data. Non-physicians were responsible for management of the RM program in most centers: registered nurse (36%), advanced practice provider (27%), combination (23%), and third party (9%). Fifteen centers (68%) reported that > 80% of their CIED patients are enrolled in RM and only two centers reported < 50% participation. 36% reported high compliance of device transmission within 14 days of implant and 77% of centers reported high compliance of CIED patients enrolled in RM. The number of centers achieving high compliance differed by device type: 36% for pacemakers, 50% for ICDs, and 55% for Implantable Cardiac Monitors (ICM). All centers reported at least 50% adherence to recommended follow-up for PM and ICD, with 23% low compliance rate for ICMs. Based on this cross-sectional survey of pediatric and ACHD centers, compliance with CIED RM is sub-optimal. The PACES-sponsored QI initiative will provide resources and support to participating centers and repeat data will be evaluated after PDSA cycles.

Journal Title

Pediatric cardiology





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MeSH Keywords

Child; Humans; Adult; Heart Defects, Congenital; Pacemaker, Artificial; Cross-Sectional Studies; Quality Improvement; Remote Sensing Technology; Defibrillators, Implantable


ICD; Implantable cardiac monitor; Pacemaker; Pediatrics; Quality improvement

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