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DOI: 10.3389/fimmu.2023.1306292; PMCID: PMC10803544


Fcγ receptors (FcγRs) are membrane-bound glycoproteins that bind to the fragment crystallizable (Fc) constant regions of IgG antibodies. Interactions between IgG immune complexes and FcγRs can initiate signal transduction that mediates important components of the immune response including activation of immune cells for clearance of opsonized pathogens or infected host cells. In humans, many studies have identified associations between FcγR gene polymorphisms and risk of infection, or progression of disease, suggesting a gene-level impact on FcγR-dependent immune responses. Rhesus macaques are an important translational model for most human health interventions, yet little is known about the breadth of rhesus macaque FcγR genetic diversity. This lack of knowledge prevents evaluation of the impact of FcγR polymorphisms on outcomes of preclinical studies performed in rhesus macaques. In this study we used long-read RNA sequencing to define the genetic diversity of FcγRs in 206 Indian-origin Rhesus macaques, Macaca mulatta. We describe the frequency of single nucleotide polymorphisms, insertions, deletions, frame-shift mutations, and isoforms. We also index the identified diversity using predicted and known rhesus macaque FcγR and Fc-FcγR structures. Future studies that define the functional significance of this genetic diversity will facilitate a better understanding of the correlation between human and macaque FcγR biology that is needed for effective translation of studies with antibody-mediated outcomes performed in rhesus macaques.

Journal Title

Front Immunol



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MeSH Keywords

Humans; Animals; Macaca mulatta; Receptors, IgG; Sequence Analysis, RNA; Antigen-Antibody Complex; Frameshift Mutation; Immunoglobulin G; Membrane Glycoproteins


Fc receptor; FcγR SNPs; FcγR structures; Long-read RNA sequencing; genetic diversity; rhesus macaques


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