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Objectives: Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF) is a rare infection that can quickly lead to devastating patient outcomes. Considering the vital importance of surrounding neck structures, rapid control of the infection is essential to ensure favorable patient outcomes. Infection is most frequently polymicrobial and occurs in the adult patient in the context of certain medical comorbidities. Complications are typically limited to tissue destruction in the form of necrosis. There are no current reports describing CNF complicated by acute shock in the post-operative pediatric patient.

Methods and Results: We present a pediatric case of CNF complicated by acute shock following Sistrunk procedure for removal of a supposed thyroglossal duct cyst.

Conclusions: This case illustrates a potential post-operative complication that can be seen within the pediatric patient. Although most reported examples of CNF are polymicrobial and result from odontogenic infection, providers should be aware of other potential sources of disease. It is important for the pediatric surgeon to rapidly identify CNF and consequent shock, as prompt medical and surgical interventions are critical to offering the best chance of patient survival.

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Cervical Necrotizing Fasciitis And Shock In The Post-Operative Pediatric Patient: A Case Report