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Works from 2021

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Transitioning From Nasogastric Feeding Tube to Gastrostomy Tube in Pediatric Patients: A Survey on Decision-Making and Practice., Ruba A. Abdelhadi, Gina Rempel, Wednesday Sevilla, Justine M. Turner, Julie Quet, Audra Nelson, Katina Rahe, Rebecca Wilhelm, Julie Larocque, Peggi Guenter, and ASPEN Enteral Nutrition Task Force Pediatric Work Group (Article)

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Combined use of the ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation in pediatric drug-resistant epilepsy., Ayman Abdelmoity, Jean-Baptist LePichon, Sherouk A. Abdelmoity, Ashley K. Sherman, Ara Hall, and Ahmed Abdelmoity (Article)

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The efficacy and tolerability of auto-stimulation-VNS in children with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome., Sherouk A. Abdelmoity, Ayman Abdelmoity, Sean M. Riordan, Christian Kaufman, Jean-Baptist LePichon, and Ahmed Abdelmoity (Article)

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A Pilot Comparison of High- Versus Low-Tech Palatability Assessment Tools in Young Children., Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, Shasha Bai, Patricia A. Porter-Gill, Grace A. Goode, and Gregory L. Kearns (Article)

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Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Studies Funded Under the Best Pharmaceuticals for Children Act., Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, Ian M. Paul, Chi Hornik, Janice E. Sullivan, Kelly Wade, Paula Delmore, Gaurav Sharma, Daniel K. Benjamin, and Kanecia O. Zimmerman (Article)

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Mandibulofacial dysostosis with microcephaly: An expansion of the phenotype via parental survey., Katherine Abell, Robert J. Hopkin, Patricia L. Bender, Farrah Jackson, Kelly Smallwood, Bonnie Sullivan, Rolf W. Stottmann, Howard M. Saal, and K Nicole Weaver (Article)

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Medical and surgical interventions and outcomes for infants with trisomy 18 (T18) or trisomy 13 (T13) at children's hospitals neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)., Krishna Acharya, Steven R. Leuthner, Isabella Zaniletti, Jason Z. Niehaus, Christine E. Bishop, Carl H. Coghill, Ankur Datta, Narendra Dereddy, Robert DiGeronimo, Laura Jackson, Con Yee Ling, Nana Matoba, Girija Natarajan, Sujir Pritha Nayak, Amy Brown Schlegel, Jamie Seale, Anita Shah, Julie Weiner, Helen O. Williams, Monica H. Wojcik, Jessica T. Fry, Kevin Sullivan, and Palliative Care and Ethics Focus Group of the Children’s Hospital Neonatal Consortium (CHNC) (Article)

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Neurodevelopmental outcome of preterm infants enrolled in myo-inositol randomized controlled trial., Ira Adams-Chapman, Kristi L. Watterberg, Tracy L. Nolen, Shawn Hirsch, Carol A. Cole, C Michael Cotten, William Oh, Brenda B. Poindexter, Kristin M. Zaterka-Baxter, Abhik Das, Conra Backstrom Lacy, Ann Marie Scorsone, Andrea F. Duncan, Sara B. DeMauro, Ricki F. Goldstein, Tarah T. Colaizy, Deanne E. Wilson-Costello, Isabell B. Purdy, Susan R. Hintz, Roy J. Heyne, Gary J. Myers, Janell Fuller, Stephanie Merhar, Heidi M. Harmon, Myriam Peralta-Carcelen, Howard Kilbride, Nathalie L. Maitre, Betty R. Vohr, Girija Natarajan, Helen Mintz-Hittner, Graham E. Quinn, David K. Wallace, Richard J. Olson, Faruk H. Orge, Irena Tsui, Michael Gaynon, Amy K. Hutchinson, Yu-Guang He, Timothy W. Winter, Michael B. Yang, Kathryn M. Haider, Martin S. Cogen, Denise Hug, Don L. Bremer, John P. Donahue, William R. Lucas, Dale L. Phelps, Rosemary D. Higgins, and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network (Article)

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Epigenome-wide analysis identifies genes and pathways linked to acoustic cry variation in preterm infants., Ghazal Aghagoli, Stephen J. Sheinkopf, Todd M. Everson, Carmen J. Marsit, Hannah Lee, Amber A. Burt, Brian S. Carter, Jennifer B. Helderman, Julie A. Hofheimer, Elisabeth C. McGowan, Charles R. Neal, T Michael O'Shea, Steven L. Pastyrnak, Lynne M. Smith, Antoine Soliman, Lynne M. Dansereau, Sheri A. DellaGrotta, James F. Padbury, and Barry M. Lester (Article)

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Validation of the ask suicide-screening questions (ASQ) with youth in outpatient specialty and primary care clinics., Laika D Aguinaldo, Shayla Sullivant, Elizabeth C Lanzillo, Abigail Ross, Jian-Ping He, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Jeffrey A. Bridge, Lisa M. Horowitz, and Elizabeth A. Wharff (Article)

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Maintaining Hepatitis B Protection in Immunocompromised Pediatric Rheumatology and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Patients., Najla Aljaberi, Enas Ghulam, Emily A. Smitherman, Leslie Favier, Dana M H Dykes, Lara A. Danziger-Isakov, Rebecca C. Brady, and Jennifer Huggins (Article)

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Accidental Injuries in Preschoolers: Are We Missing an Opportunity for Early Assessment and Intervention?, Carla C Allan, Madeline DeShazer, Vincent S. Staggs, Cy Nadler, Trista Perez-Crawford, Simone Moody, and Anil Chacko (Article)

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Effect of Low Lactose Formula on the Short-Term Outcomes of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome: A Systematic Review., Mahdi Alsaleem, Jarrod Dusin, and Gangaram Akangire (Article)

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The challenges in scoring hypopneas in children: is pulse wave amplitude drop the answer?, Baha Al-Shawwa MD, Jose Cruz, Zarmina Ehsan MD, and David G. Ingram MD (Article)

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Outpatient health care utilization for sleep disorders in the Cerner Health Facts database., Baha Al-Shawwa MD, Earl F. Glynn, Mark A. Hoffman, Zarmina Ehsan MD, and David G. Ingram MD (Article)

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Ability of Video Telemetry to Predict Unplanned Hospital Admissions for Single Ventricle Infants., Doaa Aly, Lori Erickson, Hayley S. Hancock, Johnathan Apperson, Monica Gaddis, Girish S. Shirali, and Suma Goudar (Article)

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Intervendor Agreement for Right Ventricular Global Longitudinal Strain in Children., Doaa Aly, Sandhya Ramlogan, Rita France, Stephanie Schmidt, Julie Hinzman, Ashley K. Sherman, Suma P. Goudar, and Daniel Forsha (Article)

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Subdural hemorrhage in a cohort with cerebral sinovenous thrombosis: Application to abusive head trauma., James Anderst, Shannon L. Carpenter, Terra N. Frazier, Brian Appavu, Michael Noetzel, Lauren A Beslow, Mukta Sharma, and International Pediatric Stroke Study Investigators (Article)

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Capacity Building for a New Multicenter Network Within the ECHO IDeA States Pediatric Clinical Trials Network., Robert D. Annett, Scott Bickel, John C. Carlson, Kelly Cowan, Sara Cox, Mark J. Fisher, J Dean Jarvis, Alberta S. Kong, Jessica S. Kosut, Kurtis R. Kulbeth, Abbot Laptook, Pearl A. McElfish, Mary M. McNally, Lee M. Pachter, Barbara A. Pahud, Lee A. Pyles, Jennifer Shaw, Kari Simonsen, Jessica Snowden, Christine B. Turley, and Andrew M. Atz (Article)

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Identification of physical abuse-related hospitalizations in young children: Impact of the transition to ICD-10-CM coding., Jordan C. Apfeld, Kristin G. Crichton, Peter C. Minneci, Henry T. Puls, and Jennifer N. Cooper (Article)

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Stress, Depression and Quit Attempt Outcomes among Unmotivated Smokers., Evelyn Arana-Chicas, Ana Paula Cupertino, Kathy Goggin, Kimber P. Richter, Kari J. Harris, and Delwyn Catley (Article)

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Pediatric drug-induced sleep endoscopy: An updated review of the literature., Jill M. Arganbright, Jason C. Lee, and Robert A. Weatherly (Article)

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Safety, Tolerability, and Population Pharmacokinetics of Intravenous and Oral Isavuconazonium Sulfate in Pediatric Patients., Antonio C. Arrieta, Michael Neely, J Christopher Day, Susan R. Rheingold, Paul K. Sue, William J. Muller, Lara A. Danziger-Isakov, Julie Chu, Inci Yildirim, Grace A. McComsey, Haydar A. Frangoul, Tempe K. Chen, Victoria A. Statler, William J. Steinbach, Dwight E. Yin, Kamal Hamed, Mark E. Jones, Christopher Lademacher, Amit Desai, Kelley Micklus, Desiree Leiva Phillips, Laura L. Kovanda, and Thomas J. Walsh (Article)

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Meditation and Mindfulness in Pregnancy and Postpartum: A Review of the Evidence., Shilpa Babbar, Alejandro J. Oyarzabal, and Esteban A. Oyarzabal (Article)

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An intraoperative laterally placed distractor for gradual load sharing correction of severe spastic neuromuscular spinal deformity., Daniel R. Bachman, Luv K. Singh, John Anderson, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Examination of Urinary Excretion of Unchanged Drug in Humans and Preclinical Animal Models: Increasing the Predictability of Poor Metabolism in Humans., Nadia O. Bamfo, Chelsea Hosey-Cojocari, Leslie Z. Benet, and Connie M. Remsberg (Article)

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Pediatric heart transplant., Aliessa P. Barnes and William Gibson (Article)

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Glucose Derivative Induced Vasculopathy in Children on Chronic Peritoneal Dialysis., Maria Bartosova, Conghui Zhang, Betti Schaefer, Rebecca Herzog, David Ridinger, Ivan Damgov, Eszter Levai, Iva Marinovic, Christoph Eckert, Philipp Romero, Peter Sallay, Akos Ujszaszi, Markus Unterwurzacher, Anja Wagner, Georg Hildenbrand, Bradley A. Warady, Franz Schaefer, Sotirios G. Zarogiannis, Klaus Kratochwill, and Claus Peter Schmitt (Article)

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Childhood Sjögren syndrome: features of an international cohort and application of the 2016 ACR/EULAR classification criteria., Matthew L. Basiaga, Sara M. Stern, Jay J. Mehta, Cuoghi Edens, Rachel L. Randell, Anna Pomorska, Ninela Irga-Jaworska, Maria Ibarra, Claudia Bracaglia, Rebecca Nicolai, Gordana Susic, Alexis Boneparth, Hemalatha Srinivasalu, Brian Dizon, Ankur A. Kamdar, Baruch Goldberg, Sheila Knupp-Oliveira, Jordi Antón, Juan M Mosquera, Simone Appenzeller, Kathleen M. O'Neil, Stella A. Protopapas, Claudia Saad-Magalhães, Jonathan D. Akikusa, Akaluck Thatayatikom, Seunghee Cha, Juan Carlos Nieto-González, Mindy S. Lo, Erin Brennan Treemarcki, Naoto Yokogawa, Scott M Lieberman, and Childhood Arthritis and Rheumatology Research Alliance and the International Childhood Sjögren Syndrome Workgroup (Article)

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Family rules, routines, and caregiver distress during the first year of pediatric cancer treatment., Carolyn R. Bates, Isabella K Pallotto, Rachel M Moore, Mirae J. Fornander, Lynne M Covitz, and Meredith Dreyer (Article)

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An Evaluation of Two Capillary Sample Collection Kits for Laboratory Measurement of HbA1c., Roy W Beck, Laura E Bocchino, John W Lum, Craig Kollman, Victoria Barnes-Lomen, Mark Sulik, Michael J Haller, Bruce Bode, Joseph Cernich, Anthony A Killeen, Uttam Garg, David Liljenquist, Janey G Adams, Margaret Clements, Deanna Gabrielson, Terri Johnson, and Mark A. Clements (Article)

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Implementation of School Remote Drop-off Walking Programs: Results from Qualitative Interviews., Carolina M Bejarano, MacKenzie N Koester, Chelsea Steel, and Jordan A. Carlson (Article)

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Risk factors for perioperative hypothermia and infectious outcomes in gastroschisis patients., Christina M. Bence, Rachel M. Landisch, Ruizhe Wu, Aniko Szabo, Kathryn McElhinney, Mary T. Austin, Jason D. Fraser, Shawn D. St Peter, Shilvi Joshi, Joseph B. Lillegard, Shirli Tay, Brad W. Warner, Aimee G. Kim, Erin E. Perrone, Charles M. Leys, Jonathan E. Kohler, and Amy J. Wagner (Article)

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Clinical outcomes following implementation of a management bundle for esophageal atresia with distal tracheoesophageal fistula., Christina M. Bence, Beth Rymeski, Samir Gadepalli, Thomas T. Sato, Peter C. Minneci, Cynthia Downard, Ronald B. Hirschl, Ruchi A. Amin, R Cartland Burns, Linda Cherney-Stafford, Cathleen M. Courtney, Katherine J. Deans, Mary E. Fallat, Jason D. Fraser, Julia E. Grabowski, Michael A. Helmrath, Rashmi D. Kabre, Jonathan E. Kohler, Matthew P. Landman, Amy E. Lawrence, Charles M. Leys, Grace Z. Mak, Elissa Port, Jacqueline M. Saito, Jared Silverberg, Mark B. Slidell, Shawn D. St Peter, Misty Troutt, Sarah Walker, Tiffany Wright, Dave R. Lal, and Midwest Pediatric Surgery Consortium (Article)

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Mitigating disparity in children with acute appendicitis: Impact of patient-driven protocols., Leo Andrew Benedict, Joseph A. Sujka, Justin A. Sobrino MD, Hanna Alemayehu, Pablo Aguayo, Richard J. Hendrickson, Shawn D. St Peter, and Tolulope A. Oyetunji MD MPH (Article)

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Hospitals' Diversity of Diagnosis Groups and Associated Costs of Care., Jay G. Berry, Matt Hall, Eyal Cohen, Chris Feudtner, Vincent W Chiang, Paul J Chung, James C Gay, Samir S Shah, Elizabeth Casto, and Troy Richardson (Article)

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Hospitalization Outcomes for Rural Children with Mental Health Conditions., Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Matt Hall, Stephanie K. Doupnik, Jessica L. Markham, James A. Feinstein, Jay G. Berry, and James C. Gay (Article)

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microRNAs and Gene-Environment Interactions in Autism: Effects of Prenatal Maternal Stress and the SERT Gene on Maternal microRNA Expression, David Q. Beversdorf, Ayten Shah, Allison Jhin, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell PhD, Patrick Hecht, Bradley J. Ferguson, Danielle Bruce, Michael Tilley, and Zohreh Talebizadeh (Article)

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Initial Laparotomy Versus Peritoneal Drainage in Extremely Low Birthweight Infants With Surgical Necrotizing Enterocolitis or Isolated Intestinal Perforation: A Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trial., Martin L. Blakely; Jon E. Tyson; Kevin P. Lally; Susan R. Hintz; Barry Eggleston; David K. Stevenson; Gail E. Besner; Abhik Das; Robin K. Ohls; William E. Truog; Leif D. Nelin; Brenda B. Poindexter; Claudia Pedroza; Michele C. Walsh; Barbara J. Stoll; Rachel Geller; Kathleen A. Kennedy; Reed A. Dimmitt; Waldemar A. Carlo; C Michael Cotten; Abbot R. Laptook; Krisa P. Van Meurs; Kara L. Calkins; Gregory M. Sokol; Pablo J. Sanchez; Myra H. Wyckoff; Ravi M. Patel; Ivan D. Frantz; Seetha Shankaran; Carl T. D'Angio; Bradley A. Yoder; Edward F. Bell; Kristi L. Watterberg; Colin A. Martin; Carroll M. Harmon; Henry Rice; Arlet G. Kurkchubasche; Karl Sylvester; James C Y Dunn; Troy A. Markel; Diana L. Diesen; Amina M. Bhatia; Alan Flake; Walter J. Chwals; Rebeccah Brown; Kathryn D. Bass; Shawn D. St Peter; Christina M. Shanti; Walter Pegoli; David Skarda; Joel Shilyansky; David G. Lemon; Ricardo A. Mosquera; Myriam Peralta-Carcelen; Ricki F. Goldstein; Betty R. Vohr; Isabell B. Purdy; Abbey C. Hines; Nathalie L. Maitre; Roy J. Heyne; Sara B. DeMauro; Elisabeth C. McGowan; Kimberly Yolton; Howard Kilbride; Girija Natarajan; Kelley Yost; Sarah Winter; Tarah T. Colaizy; Matthew M. Laughon; Satyanarayana Lakshminrusimha; Rosemary D. Higgins; and Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health, Human Development Neonatal Research Network (Article)

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Neighborhood poverty and pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation outcomes: a CIBMTR analysis., Kira Bona, Ruta Brazauskas, Naya He, Leslie Lehmann, Hisham Abdel-Azim, Ibrahim A. Ahmed, A Samer Al-Homsi, Mahmoud Aljurf, Staci D. Arnold, Sherif M. Badawy, Minoo Battiwalla, Sara Beattie, Neel S. Bhatt, Jignesh Dalal, Christopher E. Dandoy, Miguel Angel Diaz, Haydar A. Frangoul, César O. Freytes, Siddhartha Ganguly, Biju George, David Gomez-Almaguer, Theresa Hahn, Rammurti T. Kamble, Jennifer M. Knight, C Fred LeMaistre, Jason Law, Hillard M. Lazarus, Navneet S. Majhail, Richard F. Olsson, Jaime Preussler, Bipin N. Savani, Raquel Schears, Sachiko Seo, Akshay Sharma, Alok Srivastava, Amir Steinberg, David Szwajcer, Baldeep Wirk, Ayami Yoshimi, Nandita Khera, William A. Wood, Shahrukh Hashmi, Christine N. Duncan, and Wael Saber (Article)

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Identification of rare and common regulatory variants in pluripotent cells using population-scale transcriptomics., Marc Jan Bonder, Craig Smail, Michael J. Gloudemans, Laure Frésard, David Jakubosky, Matteo D'Antonio, Xin Li, Nicole M. Ferraro, Ivan Carcamo-Orive, Bogdan Mirauta, Daniel D. Seaton, Na Cai, Dara Vakili, Danilo Horta, Chunli Zhao, Diane B. Zastrow, Devon E. Bonner, HipSci Consortium;, iPSCORE consortium, Undiagnosed Diseases Network, PhLiPS consortium, Matthew T. Wheeler, Helena Kilpinen, Joshua W. Knowles, Erin N. Smith, Kelly A. Frazer, Stephen B. Montgomery, and Oliver Stegle (Article)

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Trends in prescribing anti-obesity pharmacotherapy for paediatric weight management: Data from the POWER Work Group., Claudia Borzutzky, Eileen King, Claudia K. Fox, William Stratbucker, Jared Tucker, Jennifer K. Yee, Seema Kumar, Suzanne Cuda, Brooke Sweeney, Shelley Kirk, and On Behalf Of The Power Work Group (Article)

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Comorbidities and complications in adults with pyruvate kinase deficiency., Audra N. Boscoe, Yan Yan, Elizabeth Hedgeman, Eduard J. van Beers, Hanny Al-Samkari, Wilma Barcellini, Stefan W. Eber, Bertil Glader, Hassan M. Yaish, Satheesh Chonat, Mukta Sharma, Kevin H M Kuo, Ellis J. Neufeld, Heng Wang, Madeleine Verhovsek, Sujit Sheth, and Rachael F. Grace (Article)

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Characterization of a Regional Childhood Obesity Prevention and Treatment System., Frances Bozsik, Robin P. Shook, Elizabeth J. Wilson, Jordan A. Carlson, Deborah Markenson, Emily Meissen-Sebelius, Shelly Summar, and David Renz (Article)

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Antibody Responses after a Single Dose of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA Vaccine., Todd Bradley, Elin Grundberg, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Cas LeMaster, Elizabeth Fraley, Dithi Banerjee, Bradley Belden, Daniel A. Louiselle, Nick Nolte, Rebecca L. Biswell, T Pastinen, Angela Myers, and Jennifer E. Schuster (Letter to the Editor)

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Fidelity of motivational interviewing training for dental hygiene students., Kimberly Krust Bray, Kymberly Bennett, and Delwyn Catley (Article)

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Enteral access and fundoplication in children with congenital heart disease., Kayla B. Briggs and Jason D. Fraser (Article)

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Modifying Diet and Exercise in MS (MoDEMS): Study design and protocol for a telehealth weight loss intervention for adults with obesity & Multiple Sclerosis., Jared M. Bruce, Julia S. Cozart, Robin P. Shook, Stephanie Ruppen, Catherine Siengsukon, Steve Simon, Christie Befort, Sharon Lynch, Rola Mahmoud, Betty Drees, Abigail N. Norouzinia, Taylor Bradish, Paige Posson, Paul R. Hibbing, and Amanda S. Bruce (Article)

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Syndromic neurodevelopmental disorder associated with de novo variants in DDX23., William Burns, Lynne M. Bird, Delphine Heron, Boris Keren, Divya Ramachandra, Isabelle Thiffault, Florencia Del Viso, Shivarajan Amudhavalli, Kendra Engleman, Ilaria Parenti, Frank J. Kaiser, Jolanta Wierzba, Korbinian M. Riedhammer, Susanne Liptay, Neda Zadeh, Joseph Porrmann, Andrea Fischer, Sophie Gößwein, Heather M. McLaughlin, Aida Telegrafi, Katherine G. Langley, Richard Steet, Raymond J. Louie, and Michael J. Lyons (Article)

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Factors Related to Serious Safety Events in a Children's Hospital Patient Safety Collaborative., Stephanie Burrus, Matthew Hall, Emily Tooley, Kate Conrad, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, and Carol Kemper (Article)

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Reliability of the Cutting Alignment Scoring Tool (CAST) to Assess Trunk and Limb Alignment During a 45-Degree Side-Step Cut., Lauren S. Butler, Eryn K. Milian, Amie DeVerna, Kevin Latz, Henry B. Ellis, Alexa R. Martinez, Kristin Hayden, Christian Gerstenkorn, Sara C. Carpenito, Charles W. Wyatt, and Dai Sugimoto (Article)

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Acute Imaging Findings Predict Recovery of Cognitive and Motor Function after Inpatient Rehabilitation for Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pediatric Brain Injury Consortium Study., Eric T. Caliendo, Nayoung Kim, David Edasery, Gulce Askin, Sophie Nowak, Linda M. Gerber, Katherine T. Baum, Laura S. Blackwell, Christine H. Koterba, Kristen R. Hoskinson, Brad G. Kurowski, Matthew J. McLaughlin, Sarah J. Tlustos, William D. Watson, Sumit N. Niogi, Stacy J. Suskauer, and Sudhin A. Shah (Article)

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Effect of Vaccination on Preventing Influenza-Associated Hospitalizations Among Children During a Severe Season Associated with B/Victoria Viruses, 2019-2020., Angela P. Campbell, Constance Ogokeh, Geoffrey A. Weinberg, Julie A. Boom, Janet A. Englund, John V. Williams, Natasha B. Halasa, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Mary A. Staat, Eileen J. Klein, Monica McNeal, Marian G. Michaels, Leila C. Sahni, Laura S. Stewart, Peter G. Szilagyi, Christopher J. Harrison, Joana Y. Lively, Brian Rha, and Manish Patel (Article)

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Investigating associations between physical activity-related neighborhood built environment features and child weight status to inform local practice., Jordan A. Carlson, Robin P. Shook, Ann M. Davis, Amy Papa, Chelsea Steel, Carolina M. Bejarano, Janelle R. Noel-Macdonnell PhD, Shelly Summar, Kelsey Dean, and Sarah Hampl (Article)

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Validity of Two Awake Wear-Time Classification Algorithms for activPAL in Youth, Adults, and Older Adults., Jordan A. Carlson, Fatima Tuz-Zahra, John Bellettiere, Nicola D. Ridgers, Chelsea Steel, Carolina Bejarano, Andrea Z. LaCroix, Dori E. Rosenberg, Mikael Anne Greenwood-Hickman, Marta M. Jankowska, and Loki Natarajan (Article)

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CYP2D6 genotype and reduced codeine analgesic effect in real-world clinical practice., Daniel Carranza-Leon, Alyson L. Dickson, Andrea Gaedigk, C Michael Stein, and Cecilia P. Chung (Article)

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Translation and Examination of the Reliability and Validity of the Spanish Version of the Smoking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire Among Latino Smokers., Francisco Cartujano-Barrera, Scott McIntosh, Lisa Sanderson Cox, Evelyn Arana-Chicas, Delwyn Catley, Edward F Ellerbeck, Deborah J Ossip, and Ana Paula Cupertino (Article)

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COVID-19 and the multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children: how vulnerable are the kidneys?, Vimal Chadha and Bradley A. Warady (Response or Comment)

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Influence of SULT1A1*2 Polymorphism on Plasma Efavirenz Concentration in Thai HIV-1 Patients, Monpat Chamnanphon, Rattanaporn Sukprasong, Andrea Gaedigk, Weerawat Manosuthi, Pajaree Chariyavilaskul, Supeecha Wittayalertpanya, Napatrupron Koomdee, Thawinee Jantararoungtong, Apichaya Puangpetch, and Chonlaphat Sukasem (Article)

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Study Design and Baseline Characteristics of the CARDINAL Trial: A Phase 3 Study of Bardoxolone Methyl in Patients with Alport Syndrome., Glenn M. Chertow, Gerald B. Appel, Sharon Andreoli, Sripal Bangalore, Geoffrey A. Block, Arlene B. Chapman, Melanie P. Chin, Keisha L. Gibson, Angie Goldsberry, Kazumoto Iijima, Lesley A. Inker, Bertrand Knebelmann, Laura H. Mariani, Colin J. Meyer, Kandai Nozu, Megan O'Grady, Arnold L. Silva, Peter Stenvinkel, Roser Torra, Bradley A. Warady, and Pablo E. Pergola (Article)

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Air transportation over-utilization in pediatric trauma patients., Pamela M. Choi, Jason D. Fraser, Kayla B. Briggs, Charlene Dekonenko, Pablo Aguayo, and David Juang (Article)

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Pyruvate kinase deficiency in children., Satheesh Chonat, Stefan W. Eber, Susanne Holzhauer, Nina Kollmar, D Holmes Morton, Bertil Glader, Ellis J. Neufeld, Hassan M. Yaish, Jennifer A. Rothman, Mukta Sharma, Yaddanapudi Ravindranath, Heng Wang, Vicky R. Breakey, Sujit Sheth, Heather A. Bradeen, Hasan Al-Sayegh, Wendy B. London, and Rachael F. Grace (Article)

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Postnatal growth in extremely low birth weight newborns: nature or nurture?, Fu-Sheng Chou, Vishal Pandey, and Hung-Wen Yeh (Letter to the Editor)

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Sex differences in postnatal weight gain trajectories of extremely preterm newborns., Fu-Sheng Chou and Hung-Wen Yeh (Article)

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2021 American College of Rheumatology/Vasculitis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Polyarteritis Nodosa., Sharon A. Chung, Mark Gorelik, Carol A. Langford, Mehrdad Maz, Andy Abril, Gordon Guyatt, Amy M. Archer, Doyt L. Conn, Kathy A. Full, Peter C. Grayson, Maria Ibarra, Lisa F. Imundo, Susan Kim, Peter A. Merkel, Rennie L. Rhee, Philip Seo, John H. Stone, Sangeeta Sule, Robert P P. Sundel, Omar I. Vitobaldi, Ann Warner, Kevin Byram, Anisha B. Dua, Nedaa Husainat, Karen E. James, Mohamad Kalot, Yih Chang Lin, Jason M. Springer, Marat Turgunbaev, Alexandra Villa-Forte, Amy S. Turner, and Reem A. Mustafa (Article)

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2021 American College of Rheumatology/Vasculitis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Polyarteritis Nodosa., Sharon A. Chung, Mark Gorelik, Carol A. Langford, Mehrdad Maz, Andy Abril, Gordon Guyatt, Amy M. Archer, Doyt L. Conn, Kathy A. Full, Peter C. Grayson, Maria Ibarra, Lisa F. Imundo, Susan Kim, Peter A. Merkel, Rennie L. Rhee, Philip Seo, John H. Stone, Sangeeta Sule, Robert P. Sundel, Omar I. Vitobaldi, Ann Warner, Kevin Byram, Anisha B. Dua, Nedaa Husainat, Karen E. James, Mohamad Kalot, Yih Chang Lin, Jason M. Springer, Marat Turgunbaev, Alexandra Villa-Forte, Amy S. Turner, and Reem A. Mustafa (Article)

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2021 American College of Rheumatology/Vasculitis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis., Sharon A. Chung, Carol A. Langford, Mehrdad Maz, Andy Abril, Mark Gorelik, Gordon Guyatt, Amy M. Archer, Doyt L. Conn, Kathy A. Full, Peter C. Grayson, Maria Ibarra, Lisa F. Imundo, Susan Kim, Peter A. Merkel, Rennie L. Rhee, Philip Seo, John H. Stone, Sangeeta Sule, Robert P. Sundel, Omar I. Vitobaldi, Ann Warner, Kevin Byram, Anisha B. Dua, Nedaa Husainat, Karen E. James, Mohamad A. Kalot, Yih Chang Lin, Jason M. Springer, Marat Turgunbaev, Alexandra Villa-Forte, Amy S. Turner, and Reem A. Mustafa (Article)

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2021 American College of Rheumatology/Vasculitis Foundation Guideline for the Management of Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis., Sharon A. Chung, Carol A. Langford, Mehrdad Maz, Andy Abril, Mark Gorelik, Gordon Guyatt, Amy M. Archer, Doyt L. Conn, Kathy A. Full, Peter C. Grayson, Maria Ibarra, Lisa F. Imundo, Susan Kim, Peter A. Merkel, Rennie L. Rhee, Philip Seo, John H. Stone, Sangeeta Sule, Robert P. Sundel, Omar I. Vitobaldi, Ann Warner, Kevin Byram, Anisha B. Dua, Nedaa Husainat, Karen E. James, Mohamad A. Kalot, Yih Chang Lin, Jason M. Springer, Marat Turgunbaev, Alexandra Villa-Forte, Amy S. Turner, and Reem A. Mustafa (Article)

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Variations in Sedated Echocardiography and Association With Repeat Echocardiography in Nonrefractory Kawasaki Disease., Nicholas Clark, Troy Richardson, Jennifer E. Schuster, Anitha Parthiban, and Henry T. Puls (Article)

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Pandemic-Related Shifts in New Patients Admitted to Children's Hospitals., Nicholas Clark, Jonathan Rodean, Marcos Mestre, Hemalatha G. Rangarajan, Margaret Samuels-Kalow, Prakash Satwani, Joseph R. Stanek, Ian D. Wolfe, and Kenneth A. Michelson (Article)

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Characteristics of infants or children presenting to outpatient bronchopulmonary dysplasia clinics in the United States., Joseph M. Collaco, Amit Agarwal, Eric D. Austin, Lystra P. Hayden, Khanh Lai, Jonathan Levin, Winston M. Manimtim, Paul E. Moore, Catherine A. Sheils, Michael C. Tracy, Stamatia Alexiou, Christopher D. Baker, A Ioana Cristea, Julie L. Fierro, Lawrence M. Rhein, Natalie Villafranco, Leif D. Nelin, and Sharon A. McGrath-Morrow (Article)

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Heartburn in children and adolescents in the presence of functional dyspepsia and/or irritable bowel syndrome correlates with the presence of sleep disturbances, anxiety, and depression., Jennifer Colombo, Amanda D. Deacy, Jennifer Verrill Schurman, and Craig A. Friesen (Article)

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Relationships between disaccharidase deficiencies, duodenal inflammation and symptom profile in children with abdominal pain., Jennifer Colombo, Chance S. Friesen, Uttam Garg, Craig A. Friesen, and William San Pablo (Article)

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Feasibility of using "SMARTER" methodology for monitoring precipitating conditions of pediatric migraine episodes., Mark Connelly and Madeline Boorigie (Article)

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Opportunities for Stewardship in the Transition From Intravenous to Enteral Antibiotics in Hospitalized Pediatric Patients., Jillian M. Cotter, Matt Hall, Sonya Tang Girdwood, John R. Stephens, Jessica L. Markham, James C. Gay, and Samir S. Shah (Article)

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Musculoskeletal Education: An Assessment of the Value of the American Academy of Pediatrics Musculoskeletal Boot Camp Course in Improving Clinical Confidence of Pediatricians Managing Common Musculoskeletal Conditions., Megan L. Crenshaw, Brian R. Piazza, Norman Y. Otsuka, Richard M. Schwend, Niccole Alexander, and William Hennrikus (Article)

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Rare Genetic Variants in Immune Genes and Neonatal Herpes Simplex Viral Infections., Lauren Cummings, Megan H. Tucker, Margaret Gibson, Angela Myers, Tomi Pastinen, Jeffrey J. Johnston, Emily G. Farrow, and Venkatesh Sampath (Article)

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Association of time of first corticosteroid treatment with bronchopulmonary dysplasia in preterm infants., Alain Cuna, Joanne M. Lagatta, Rashmin C. Savani, Shilpa Vyas-Read, William A. Engle, Rebecca S. Rose, Robert DiGeronimo, J Wells Logan, Michel Mikhael, Girija Natarajan, William E. Truog, Matthew Kielt, Karna Murthy, Isabella Zaniletti, Tamorah R. Lewis, and Children's Hospitals Neonatal Consortium (CHNC) Severe BPD Focus Group (Article)

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Dynamics of the preterm gut microbiome in health and disease., Alain Cuna, Michael J. Morowitz, Ishfaq Ahmed, Shahid Umar, and Venkatesh Sampath (Article)

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Peripartum Antibiotics Induce Dysbiosis and Predispose the Neonatal Gut Towards Inflammation, Alain Cuna, Marianne N. Nsumu, and Venkatesh Sampath (Poster)

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Effectiveness and safety of repeat dexamethasone for bronchopulmonary dysplasia., Alain Cuna, Anastasia Quiqley, Kevin Varghese, Greta Ciccolari-Micaldi, Christian Oliveros, An-Lin Cheng, Michael Norberg, and William E. Truog (Article)

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Racial Disparities in Necrotizing Enterocolitis., Alain Cuna, Venkatesh Sampath, and Minesh Khashu (Article)

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Individual Differences in the Relationship Between Pain Fear, Avoidance, and Pain Severity in a Chronic Abdominal Pain Sample and the Moderating Effect of Child Age., Christopher C. Cushing, Tiffany Kichline, Craig A. Friesen, and Jennifer Verrill Schurman (Article)

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Rural-Urban Differences in Changes and Effects of Tobacco 21 in Youth E-cigarette Use., Hongying Dai, Lisa Chaney, Edward Ellerbeck, Ressa Friggeri, Nancy White, and Delwyn Catley (Article)

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Youth Knowledge of Tobacco 21 and its Association With Intention to Use Tobacco., Hongying Dai, Lisa Chaney, Edward Ellerbeck, Ressa Friggeri, Nancy White, and Delwyn Catley (Article)

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Macrophages in SHH subgroup medulloblastoma display dynamic heterogeneity that varies with treatment modality., Mai T. Dang, Michael V. Gonzalez, Krutika S. Gaonkar, Komal S. Rathi, Patricia Young, Sherjeel Arif, Li Zhai, Zahidul Alam, Samir Devalaraja, Tsun Ki Jerrick To, Ian W. Folkert, Pichai Raman, Jo Lynne Rokita, Daniel Martinez, Jaclyn N. Taroni, Joshua A. Shapiro, Casey S. Greene, Candace Savonen, Fernanda Mafra, Hakon Hakonarson, Tom Curran, and Malay Haldar (Article)

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The Influence of Lifestyle Factors on the Burden of Pediatric Migraine., Vijaya R Dasari, Anne J. Clark, Madeline Boorigie, Trevor Gerson, Mark Connelly, and Jennifer Bickel (Article)

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Variability in Culture-Negative Peritonitis Rates in Pediatric Peritoneal Dialysis Programs in the United States., T Keefe Davis, Kristina A. Bryant, Jonathan Rodean, Troy Richardson, Rangaraj Selvarangan, Xuan Qin, Alicia Neu, and Bradley A. Warady (Article)

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Population-scale tissue transcriptomics maps long non-coding RNAs to complex disease., Olivia M. de Goede, Daniel C. Nachun, Nicole M. Ferraro, Michael J. Gloudemans, Abhiram S. Rao, Craig Smail, Tiffany Y. Eulalio, François Aguet, Bernard Ng, Jishu Xu, Alvaro N. Barbeira, Stephane E. Castel, Sarah Kim-Hellmuth, YoSon Park, Alexandra J. Scott, Benjamin J. Strober, GTEx Consortium, Christopher D. Brown, Xiaoquan Wen, Ira M. Hall, Alexis Battle, Tuuli Lappalainen, Hae Kyung Im, Kristin G. Ardlie, Sara Mostafavi, Thomas Quertermous, Karla Kirkegaard, and Stephen B. Montgomery (Article)

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Outcomes in gastroschisis: expectations in the postnatal period for simple vs complex gastroschisis., Charlene Dekonenko, Jason D. Fraser, Katherine J. Deans, Mary E. Fallat, Michael Helmrath, Rashmi Kabre, Charles M. Leys, R Cartland Burns, Kristine Corkumd, Patrick A. Dillon, Cynthia Downard, Tiffany N. Wright, Samir K. Gadepalli, Julia E. Grabowski, Edward Hernandez, Ronald Hirschl, Kevin N. Johnson, Jonathan E. Kohler, Matthew P. Landman, Rachel M. Landisch, Amy E. Lawrence, Grace Z. Mak, Peter C. Minneci, Beth Rymeski, Thomas T. Sato, Bethany J. Slater, and Shawn D. St Peter (Article)

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Characterization of Pediatric Breast Abscesses and Optimal Treatment: A Retrospective Analysis., Charlene Dekonenko, Neal Shah, Wendy Jo Svetanoff, Obiyo O. Osuchukwu, Justin A. Sobrino, Tolulope A. Oyetunji MD MPH, and Jason D. Fraser (Article)

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Same-day discharge for pediatric laparoscopic gastrostomy., Charlene Dekonenko, Wendy Jo Svetanoff, Obiyo O. Osuchukwu, Amy L. Pierce, Beth A. Orrick, Kristen L. Sayers, Rebecca M. Rentea, Pablo Aguayo, Jason D. Fraser, David Juang, Richard J. Hendrickson, Charles L. Snyder, Walter S. Andrews, Shawn D. St Peter, and Tolulope A. Oyetunji MD MPH (Article)

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Accuracy of Diagnostic Codes for Identifying Brief Resolved Unexplained Events., Amy M. DeLaroche, Matt Hall, Manoj K. Mittal, Mark I. Neuman, Allayne Stephans, Victoria L. Wilkins, Erin Sullivan, Adam Cohen, Ron L. Kaplan, Nirav Shastri, Joel S. Tieder, and BRIEF RESOLVED UNEXPLAINED EVENTS RESEARCH AND QUALITY IMPROVEMENT COLLABORATIVE (Article)

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Pediatric Emergency Department Visits at US Children's Hospitals During the COVID-19 Pandemic., Amy M. DeLaroche, Jonathan Rodean, Paul L. Aronson, Eric W. Fleegler, Todd A. Florin, Monika Goyal, Alexander W. Hirsch, Shobhit Jain, Aaron E. Kornblith, Marion R. Sills, Jordee M. Wells, and Mark I. Neuman (Article)

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Rheumatic Heart Disease in the United States: Forgotten But Not Gone: Results of a 10 Year Multicenter Review., Sarah R. de Loizaga, Lindsay Arthur, Bhawna Arya, Brian Beckman, Wubishet Belay, Cole Brokamp, Nak Hyun Choi, Sean Connolly, Soham Dasgupta, Tavenner Dibert, Marylou M. Dryer, Lakshmi R. Gokanapudy Hahn, Elizabeth Anne Greene, Daphney Kernizan, Omar Khalid, Jennifer Klein, Ryan Kobayashi, Subhrajit Lahiri, Raymond P. Lorenzoni, Andrea Otero Luna, Jennifer A. Marshall, Theodore Millette, Lily Moore, Babu Muhamed, Meghna Murali, Kinjal Parikh, Amy Sanyahumbi, Divya Shakti, Elizabeth Stein, Sanket Shah, Hannah Wilkins, McAllister Windom, Scott Wirth, Meghan Zimmerman, Andrew F. Beck, Nicholas Ollberding, Craig Sable, and Andrea Beaton (Article)

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Metabolite Biomarkers of CKD Progression in Children., Michelle R. Denburg, Yunwen Xu, Alison G. Abraham, Josef Coresh, Jingsha Chen, Morgan E. Grams, Harold I. Feldman, Paul L. Kimmel, Casey M. Rebholz, Eugene P. Rhee, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Bradley A. Warady, Susan L. Furth, and CKD Biomarkers Consortium (Article)

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The dietary management of potassium in children with CKD stages 2-5 and on dialysis-clinical practice recommendations from the Pediatric Renal Nutrition Taskforce., An Desloovere, José Renken-Terhaerdt, Jetta Tuokkola, Vanessa Shaw, Larry A. Greenbaum, Dieter Haffner, Caroline Anderson, Christina L. Nelms, Michiel J S Oosterveld, Fabio Paglialonga, Nonnie Polderman, Leila Qizalbash, Bradley A. Warady, Rukshana Shroff, and Johan Vande Walle (Article)

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Health-related quality of life in children with chronic kidney disease is affected by the number of medications., Maria E. Díaz-González de Ferris, Chris B. Pierce, Debbie S. Gipson, Susan L. Furth, Bradley A. Warady, Stephen R. Hooper, and Authoring group for the CKiD Study (Article)

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Mean Arterial Pressure and Chronic Kidney Disease Progression in the CKiD Cohort., Janis M. Dionne, Shuai Jiang, Derek K. Ng, Joseph T. Flynn, Mark M. Mitsnefes, Susan L. Furth, Bradley A. Warady, Joshua A. Samuels, and CKiD study group (Article)

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Comparing plastic surgery and otolaryngology surgical outcomes and cartilage graft preferences in pediatric rhinoplasty: A retrospective cohort study analyzing 1839 patients., Andres F. Doval, Ariel Ourian, Kieran S. Boochoon, Vishwanath Chegireddy, Michael Lypka, and Anthony Echo (Article)