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Introduction: Prophylactic preoperative antibiotics (PPA) are questionable in cases with a low rate of surgical site infection (SSI). We report institutional PPA usage and SSI rates after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a children’s hospital. Methods: Children <18 years old who underwent outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy between 7/2010 and 8/2020 were included. SSI was defined as clinical signs of infection, requiring antibiotics, within 30 days of surgery. Results: 502 patients met inclusion criteria; 50% were pre-operatively diagnosed with symptomatic cholelithiasis, 47% biliary dyskinesia, 2% hyperkinetic gallbladder, and 1% gallbladder polyp(s). The majority were female (78%) and Caucasian (80%). 60% (n=301) of patients received PPA while 40% (n=201) did not; 1.3% (n=4) of those who received PPA developed SSI compared to 5.5% (n=11) of those who did not (p=0.01). Though PPA use was associated with an 84% reduction in risk of SSI on multivariate analysis (p=0.01), all SSIs were superficial. One child required readmission for intravenous antibiotics while the remainder were treated with outpatient antibiotics. Gender, age, BMI, ethnicity, and preoperative diagnosis did not influence the likelihood of receiving PPA (Table 1). Conclusion: Given the relatively low morbidity of the superficial SSI, conservative use of PPA should be carefully considered in outpatient laparoscopic cholecystectomy to avoid contributing to antibiotic-related complications.


Pediatrics | Surgery


Presented at the 22nd Annual European Pediatric Surgery Association Conference (EUPSA) Athens, Greece September 2-4, 2021.

Reconsidering Perioperative Antibiotic Use in Elective Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy