Presenter Status

Fellow

Abstract Type

Research

Primary Mentor

John Perry, PhD

Start Date

6-5-2022 11:30 AM

End Date

6-5-2022 1:30 PM

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Description

Background: Incorporating the immune system into cancer management is an area of robust research. Treatment modalities aimed at activating cytotoxic T cells against malignancies include immune checkpoint inhibitors, bispecific T-cell engagers, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) tumor-specific T cells. Most anti-cancer T cell research is narrowly focused, but knowledge about the nature of diverse sub-populations of T cells in cancer, particularly memory T cells, is vital prior to potential incorporation into therapies. T memory stem cells (Tscm) are of interest due to their longevity and powerful abilities of self-renewal and creating the full spectrum of memory CD8+ T cells, including central memory (Tcm) and effector memory cells (Tem).

Objectives/Goal: To determine potential presence and frequency of memory T cell populations in human leukemia at diagnosis and after induction chemotherapy.

Methods/Design: Children’s Mercy Cancer Center Biorepository provided samples from 16 patients with premature B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B ALL) from peripheral blood (PB) and/or bone marrow (BM). Timepoints were diagnosis and day 29 (D29) of induction chemotherapy. Flow cytometric analysis of cytotoxic memory T cell populations was performed and analyzed using descriptive statistics and the t-test.

Results: Despite sample variability, the absolute cell counts were not significantly different. The live cell percent was lower at diagnosis than D29 (PB- 57.2% vs 79.4%, p=0.001; BM- 41.7% vs 77.0%, p

Conclusions: Induction chemotherapy led to decreased differentiated CD8+ T cells with recovery of mostly naïve cells by D29. Furthermore, we established the presence of Tscm in most pediatric pre-B ALL samples. The decline of Tscm in most patients requires functional analyses to determine their role in leukemia and potential for use in immunotherapy.

MeSH Keywords

Leukemia

Additional Files

Memory T cell Populations in Human Leukemia.pdf (237 kB)
Abstract

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May 6th, 11:30 AM May 6th, 1:30 PM

Memory T cell Populations in Human Leukemia

Background: Incorporating the immune system into cancer management is an area of robust research. Treatment modalities aimed at activating cytotoxic T cells against malignancies include immune checkpoint inhibitors, bispecific T-cell engagers, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) tumor-specific T cells. Most anti-cancer T cell research is narrowly focused, but knowledge about the nature of diverse sub-populations of T cells in cancer, particularly memory T cells, is vital prior to potential incorporation into therapies. T memory stem cells (Tscm) are of interest due to their longevity and powerful abilities of self-renewal and creating the full spectrum of memory CD8+ T cells, including central memory (Tcm) and effector memory cells (Tem).

Objectives/Goal: To determine potential presence and frequency of memory T cell populations in human leukemia at diagnosis and after induction chemotherapy.

Methods/Design: Children’s Mercy Cancer Center Biorepository provided samples from 16 patients with premature B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (pre-B ALL) from peripheral blood (PB) and/or bone marrow (BM). Timepoints were diagnosis and day 29 (D29) of induction chemotherapy. Flow cytometric analysis of cytotoxic memory T cell populations was performed and analyzed using descriptive statistics and the t-test.

Results: Despite sample variability, the absolute cell counts were not significantly different. The live cell percent was lower at diagnosis than D29 (PB- 57.2% vs 79.4%, p=0.001; BM- 41.7% vs 77.0%, p

Conclusions: Induction chemotherapy led to decreased differentiated CD8+ T cells with recovery of mostly naïve cells by D29. Furthermore, we established the presence of Tscm in most pediatric pre-B ALL samples. The decline of Tscm in most patients requires functional analyses to determine their role in leukemia and potential for use in immunotherapy.

 

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