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Works from 2021

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An intraoperative laterally placed distractor for gradual load sharing correction of severe spastic neuromuscular spinal deformity., Daniel R. Bachman, Luv K. Singh, John Anderson, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Anaphylaxis after injecting a hemostatic agent containing gelatin into vertebral bone under pressure-a warning., Sean Bonanni, Brittany L. Sipp, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Twenty-two Years of Pediatric Musculoskeletal Firearm Injuries: Adverse Outcomes for the Very Young., Emily N. Boschert, Connor E. Stubblefield, Kimberly J. Reid, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Reliability of the Cutting Alignment Scoring Tool (CAST) to Assess Trunk and Limb Alignment During a 45-Degree Side-Step Cut., Lauren S. Butler, Eryn K. Milian, Amie DeVerna, Kevin Latz, Henry B. Ellis, Alexa R. Martinez, Kristin Hayden, Christian Gerstenkorn, Sara C. Carpenito, Charles W. Wyatt, and Dai Sugimoto (Article)

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Musculoskeletal Education: An Assessment of the Value of the American Academy of Pediatrics Musculoskeletal Boot Camp Course in Improving Clinical Confidence of Pediatricians Managing Common Musculoskeletal Conditions., Megan L. Crenshaw, Brian R. Piazza, Norman Y. Otsuka, Richard M. Schwend, Niccole Alexander, and William Hennrikus (Article)

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Treatment of type III supracondylar humerus fractures: adherence and limitations of American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons Appropriate Use Criteria App., Elisa Emanuelli, Ognjen Stevanovic, Jeffrey Klott, Mason Uvodich, Ashley K. Sherman, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Gait Disorders., Margaret E. Gibson and Natalie C. Stork (Article)

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Parental Health Literacy and Acute Care Utilization in Children with Medical Complexity, Emily J. Goodwin, Joy L. Solano, Jessica L. Bettenhausen, Ryan Coller, Adrienne G. DePorre, Rupal Gupta, Kayla R. Heller, Lauren Jones, Leah Jones, Kathyrn Kyler, Ingrid Larson, Laura Plencner, Margaret Queen, Timothy Ryan Smith, Tyler Smith, Jacqueline M. Walker, Margaret Wright, Isabella Zaniletti, and Jeffrey D. Colvin (Poster)

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Long-term Reoperation Rate for Cubital Tunnel Syndrome: Subcutaneous Transposition Versus In Situ Decompression., Douglas T. Hutchinson, Ryan Sullivan, and Micah K. Sinclair (Article)

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Outcomes and Complications in Management of Congenital Myopathy Early-Onset Scoliosis., Lacey Magee, Joshua T. Bram, Jason B. Anari, Brandon Ramo, Oscar H. Mayer, Hiroko Matsumoto, Jaysson T. Brooks, Lindsay Andras, Robert Lark, Ryan Fitzgerald, Walter Truong, Ying Li, Lawrence Karlin, Richard M. Schwend, Stuart Weinstein, David Roye, Brian Snyder, John M. Flynn, Matthew Oetgen, John Smith, Patrick J. Cahill, and PSSG (Article)

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Severe Hip Dysplasia in Skeletally Mature Patients With Spastic Cerebral Palsy: The Technique and Early Outcome of Comprehensive Surgical Correction (Including the Bernese PAO)., Mark L. Miller, John C. Clohisy, Gail E. Pashos, Lisa Berglund, and Perry L. Schoenecker (Article)

Sprains, Strains and other Pediatric Sports Injuries, Tobie O'Brien, Trisha Williams, Angela Vanderpool, and Heather C. Barnes (Podcast)

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Malignant Granular Cell Tumor of the Lower Extremity in an Adolescent Male., Karina Shah, Joy M. Fulbright, Alexander Katz, Lei Zhang, Dale E. Jarka, and Michael Lypka (Article)

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Operative time in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis surgery: a need for a standard definition., Nyaluma N. Wagala, Joanne Abby M Marasigan, Humza M. Mian, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Concave or convex rod translation first in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis instrumentation with differential rod contouring?, X Wang, C E. Aubin, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Iliac screw instrumentation to the pelvis in children with neuromuscular and syndromic scoliosis. No lateral connectors and respect sagittal balance., Zhenkai Wu, Richard M. Schwend, John Anderson, Joanne Abby M. Marasigan, and Nigel Price (Article)

Works from 2020

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Advances in Sports Medicine and Care of the Adolescent Athlete., Heather C. Barnes and Angela C. Vanderpool (Article)

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The diagnosis and management of common childhood orthopedic disorders: An update., Melissa A. Bent, Natalie C. Stork, and Blaise A. Nemeth (Article)

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Pediatric Orthopaedists Are Not Immune: Characterizing Self-reported Burnout Rates Among POSNA Members., Cordelia W. Carter, Vishwas Talwalkar, Jennifer M. Weiss, Richard M. Schwend, and Michael J. Goldberg (Article)

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Why Irrigate for the Same Contamination Rate: Wound Contamination in Pediatric Spinal Surgery Using Betadine Versus Saline., Lara L. Cohen, Richard M. Schwend, John M. Flynn, Daniel J. Hedequist, Lawrence I. Karlin, John B. Emans, Brian D. Snyder, Michael T. Hresko, John T. Anderson, Julia Leamon, Divya Talwar, and Michael P. Glotzbecker (Article)

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Development of a Global Pediatric Orthopedic Outreach Program in Ecuador Through Project Perfect World: Past, Present, and Future Directions., Eric Fornari, Richard M. Schwend, Jacob Schulz, Christopher Bray, and Matthew R. Schmitz (Article)

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The Frequency of Mediastinal Injury in Acute Posterior Sternoclavicular Dislocations: A Multicenter Study., Matthew N. Fournier, Mark R. Sinclair, Evan T. Zheng, David A. Spiegel, Anna L. Johnson, Apurva S. Shaw, Anthony I. Riccio, Marilyn E. Elliott, Donald S. Bae, and Jeffrey R. Sawyer (Article)

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Treatment of femoral fractures in children aged two to six., J Eric Gordon, John Anderson, Perry L. Schoenecker, Matthew B. Dobbs, Scott J. Luhmann, and Daniel G. Hoernschemeyer (Article)

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The amount of surgical correction of the main thoracic curve is the best predictor of postoperative clinical shoulder balance in patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis., Andy Hiett, Robert Tung, Elisa Emanuelli, Ashley K. Sherman, John Anderson, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Hereditary spherocytosis: a risk factor for thigh pressure myonecrosis in posterior spine surgery., Joanne Abby M. Marasigan, Mitchell A. Solano, Brian M. Wicklund, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Continued vertebral body growth in patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis following vertebral body stapling., Erin Murray, Robert Tung, Ashley K. Sherman, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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The Burden of Pediatric Musculoskeletal Diseases Worldwide., Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Lawnmower Injuries in Children: A National 13-Year Study of Urban Versus Rural Injuries., Ronit Shah, Divya Talwar, Richard M. Schwend, Paul Sponseller, Julien T. Aoyama, Theodore J. Ganley, and POSNA Evidence-Based Practice Committee (Article)

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Gender of presenters at orthopaedic meetings reflects gender diversity of society membership., Caroline Tougas, Rosa Valtanen, Arpun Bajwa, and Jennifer J. Beck (Article)

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Adaptive Sports, Arts, Recreation, and Community Engagement., Stephanie Tow, Joslyn Gober, and Maureen R. Nelson (Article)

Works from 2019

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Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis of the Pediatric Thoracic Spine with Development of Neurological Compromise: A Case Report., Jonathan C. Burkes and John T. Anderson (Article)

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Opioid Epidemic., Bryan Combs, Michele M. Hughes, Jill Ariagno, and Elizabeth Turcotte (Article)

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Bracing in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Trial (BrAIST): Development and Validation of a Prognostic Model in Untreated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Using the Simplified Skeletal Maturity System., Lori A. Dolan, Stuart L. Weinstein, Mark F. Abel, Patrick P. Bosch, Matthew B. Dobbs, Tyler O. Farber, Matthew F. Halsey, M Timothy Hresko, Walter F. Krengel, Charles T. Mehlman, James O. Sanders, Richard M. Schwend, Suken A. Shah, and Kushagra Verma (Article)

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Primary Spinal Epidural/Extramedullary Ewing Sarcoma in Young Female Patients., Amanda N. Fletcher, Joanne Abby M. Marasigan, Stephen V. Hiatt, John Anderson, Eugenio Taboada, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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The Ecuador Pediatric Spine Deformity Surgery Program: An SRS-GOP Site, 2008-2016., Amanda N. Fletcher and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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The Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA) Adopts a Member Health and Wellness Charter., Michael J. Goldberg, Kevin G. Shea, Jennifer M. Weiss, Cordelia W. Carter, Vishwas R. Talwalkar, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Os Odontoideum in Children: Treatment Outcomes and Neurological Risk Factors., Ilkka J. Helenius, Jennifer M. Bauer, Bram Verhofste, Paul D. Sponseller, Walter F. Krengel, Daniel Hedequist, Patrick J. Cahill, A Noelle Larson, Joshua M. Pahys, John Anderson, Jeffrey E. Martus, Burt Yaszay, and Jonathan H. Phillips (Article)

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Pediatric Cervical Spine Clearance: A Consensus Statement and Algorithm from the Pediatric Cervical Spine Clearance Working Group., Martin J. Herman, Kristin O. Brown, Paul D. Sponseller, Jonathan H. Phillips, Philip M. Petrucelli, Darshan J. Parikh, Kush S. Mody, Julie C. Leonard, Matthew Moront, Douglas L. Brockmeyer, Richard C E Anderson, Adam C. Alder, John Anderson, Robert M. Bernstein, Timothy N. Booth, Bruno P. Braga, Patrick J. Cahill, Jeanne M. Joglar, Jeffrey E. Martus, Jo-Ann O. Nesiama, Joshua M. Pahys, Karl E. Rathjen, Anthony I. Riccio, Jacob F. Schulz, Anthony A. Stans, Manish I. Shah, William C. Warner, and Burt Yaszay (Article)

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Variation Among Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeons When Treating Medial Epicondyle Fractures., Meghan Hughes, Karan Dua, Nathan N. O'Hara, Brian K. Brighton, Theodore J. Ganley, William L. Hennrikus, Martin J. Herman, Joshua E. Hyman, J Todd Lawrence, Charles T. Mehlman, Kenneth J. Noonan, Norman Y. Otsuka, Richard M. Schwend, M Wade Shrader, Brian G. Smith, Paul D. Sponseller, and Joshua M. Abzug (Article)

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Median Nerve Entrapment in the Ulna in a Both-Bone Pediatric Forearm Fracture: Case Report and Review of the Literature., Richard L. Hutchison and Christopher J. Wester (Article)

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Growth-Friendly Spine Surgery in Escobar Syndrome., Adam Margalit; Paul D. Sponseller; Richard E. McCarthy; Jeff B. Pawelek; Lynn McCullough; Lawrence I. Karlin; Eric D Shirley; Richard M. Schwend; Amer F. Samdani; Behrooz A. Akbarnia; and Children’s Spine Study Group, and the Growing Spine Study Group (Article)

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Sport Participation and Specialization Characteristics Among Pediatric Soccer Athletes, Tamara Valovich McLeod, Michael Israel, Melissa A. Christino, Jane S. Chung, Scott D. McKay, Pamela J. Lang, David R. Bell, Charles M. Chan, Allison Crepeau, Elizabeth Davis, Amanda L. Fletcher, Jessica Laniak, Kelsie McCaffrey, Donna M. Pacicca, Mark Riederer, Katherine Rizzone, Jeremy K. Rush, and Tracy Zaslow (Article)

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Elevated glucose acts directly on osteocytes to increase sclerostin expression in diabetes, Donna M. Pacicca, Tammy Brown, Dara Watkins, Karen Kover, Yun Yan, Matthew Prideaux, and Lynda Bonewald (Article)

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Experience With a Care Process Model in the Evaluation of Pediatric Musculoskeletal Infections in a Pediatric Emergency Department., Lina Patel, Jeff Michael, Nancy Allen, Lisa L. Schroeder, Lisa Berglund, and Jason G. Newland (Article)

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Burden of disease in pediatric patients with hypophosphatasia: results from the HPP Impact Patient Survey and the HPP Outcomes Study Telephone interview., Eric T. Rush, Scott Moseley, and Anna Petryk (Article)

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The "Risser+" grade: a new grading system to classify skeletal maturity in idiopathic scoliosis., M J. Troy, P E. Miller, Nigel Price, V Talwalkar, F Zaina, S Donzelli, S Negrini, and M T. Hresko (Article)

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Patterns of Pain in Adolescents with Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis., Mason Uvodich, Richard M. Schwend, Ognjen Stevanovic, Will Wurster, Julia Leamon, and Alec Hermanson (Article)

Works from 2018

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Growth Patterns of the Neurocentral Synchondrosis (NCS) in Immature Cadaveric Vertebra., Laurel Blakemore, Richard M. Schwend, Behrooz A. Akbarnia, Megan Dumas, and John Schmidt (Article)

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Effect of Hemiepiphysiodesis on the Growth Plate: The Histopathological Changes and Mechanism Exploration of Recurrence in Mini Pig Model., Jing Ding, Jin He, Zhi-Qiang Zhang, Zhen-Kai Wu, and Fang-Chun Jin (Article)

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Pediatric Lawn-Mower Injuries Presenting at a Level-I Trauma Center, 1995 to 2015: A Danger to Our Youngest Children., Amanda Nicole Fletcher, Richard M. Schwend, Mitchell Solano, Christopher Wester, and Dale E. Jarka (Article)

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Current Issues Affecting the Practice of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeons: Results of the 2014 Workforce Survey of American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Orthopaedics., Pooya Hosseinzadeh, Lawson Copley, Holly Ruch-Ross, Richard M. Schwend, and Jeffrey R. Sawyer (Article)

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Early Detection of Scoliosis-What the USPSTF "I" Means for Us., M Timothy Hresko, Richard M. Schwend, and Richard A. Hostin (Editorial)

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Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgeons Dissatisfied in On-Call Practices Despite Improving Call Conditions. The 2015 POSNA Membership Survey Regarding Trauma Care., Allison Lind, Kevin Latz, Mark R. Sinclair, and David D. Williams (Article)

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2016 SOSORT guidelines: orthopaedic and rehabilitation treatment of idiopathic scoliosis during growth., Stefano Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Dariusz Czaprowski, Sanja Schreiber, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Helmut Diers, Theodoros B. Grivas, Patrick Knott, Tomasz Kotwicki, Andrea Lebel, Cindy Marti, Toru Maruyama, Joe O'Brien, Nigel Price, Eric Parent, Manuel Rigo, Michele Romano, Luke Stikeleather, James Wynne, and Fabio Zaina (Article)

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Low-Dose Versus High-Dose Postoperative Naloxone Infusion Combined With Patient-Controlled Analgesia for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial., Benjamin J. Pieters, John Anderson, Nigel Price, Lynn Anson, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Current State of the Opioid Epidemic as it Pertains to Pediatric Orthopaedics From the Advocacy Committee of the Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America., Ellen M. Raney, Harold J P van Bosse, Kevin G. Shea, Joshua M. Abzug, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Pediatric and Adolescent Cervical Spine Trauma, Mitesh Shah, Martin J. Herman, Craig Eberson, and John Anderson (Book Chapter)

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The effect of persistent toe walking on the skeletal development of the pediatric foot and ankle., Mark R. Sinclair, Allison A. Lind, and Joshua Q. Knowlton (Article)

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A peripherally inserted central catheter line, inserted the day before surgery, decreases the time from induction to incision for spinal deformity surgery and safely provides central venous access during surgery: a pilot study., Anne E. Stuedemann, Richard M. Schwend, Valorie K. Thomas, Julia Leamon, and Tammy S. Lightner (Article)

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Pediatric Lawnmower Injuries and Strategies for Prevention: A Systematic Review., Nakul S. Talathi, Theodore J. Ganley, Kevin G. Shea, Richard M. Schwend, and Keith D. Baldwin (Article)

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Do Heavier Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Have More Preserved Thoracic Kyphosis and Pulmonary Function?, Robert Tung, Mason Uvodich, John T. Anderson, Katie Carpenter, Ashley K. Sherman, and Rafael Lozano (Article)

Works from 2017

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Cinacalcet as an alternative to phosphate therapy in X-linked hypophosphataemic rickets., Uri S. Alon, Dale E. Jarka, Penny Monachino, Judith Sebestyen VanSickle, and Tarak Srivastava (Article)

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The POSNA-COUR International Scholar Program. Results of the First 7 Years., Eric D. Fornari, Sanjeev Sabharwal, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Biomechanical Evaluation of a Growth-Friendly Rod Construct., Sarah Galvis, Josh Arnold, Erin Mannen, Benjamin Wong, Hadley Sis, Eileen Cadel, John Anderson, Dennis Anderson, Paul Arnold, and Elizabeth Friis (Article)

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Microsphere-Based Osteochondral Scaffolds Carrying Opposing Gradients of Decellularized Cartilage and Demineralized Bone Matrix, Vineet Gupta, Dina V. Lyne, Amy D. Laflin, Taylor A. Zabel, Marilyn Barragan, Joshua T. Bunch, Donna M. Pacicca, and Michael S. Detamore (Article)

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Complications of Distal Phalanx Fractures in Children., Manesha Lankachandra, Corey R. Wells, Christine J. Cheng, and Richard L. Hutchison (Article)

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Influence of Sequential Ponte Osteotomies on the Human Thoracic Spine With a Rib Cage., Erin M. Mannen, Paul M. Arnold, John Anderson, and Elizabeth A. Friis (Article)

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Should School Boards Discontinue Support for High School Football?, Lewis H. Margolis, Greg Canty, Mark Halstead, and John Lantos (Article)

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In vivo evaluation of stem cell aggregates on osteochondral regeneration., BanuPriya Sridharan, Amy D. Laflin, Michael A. Holtz, Donna M. Pacicca, Nicholas K. Wischmeier, and Michael S. Detamore (Article)

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Is the Superior Articular Process a Reliable Landmark for Determining the Transverse Plane Angulation of Thoracic Pedicles in Patients With Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?, Ogi Stevanovic, Alec Ryan Hermanson, and John Anderson (Article)

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Spine, Anne E. Stuedemann and Valorie K. Thomas (Book Chapter)

Works from 2016

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Clinical variables and Staphylococcus aureus virulence factors associated with venous thromboembolism in children., Shannon L. Carpenter, Jennifer Goldman, Ashley K. Sherman, J Jeremiah Bell, Suresh Selveraju, Jason G. Newland, Dale E. Jarka, Katherine Chastain, and Rangaraj Selvarangan (Article)

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The effect of scoliotic deformity on spine kinematics in adolescents., Sarah Galvis, Douglas Burton, Brandon Barnds, John Anderson, Richard M. Schwend, Nigel Price, Sara Wilson, and Elizabeth Friis (Article)

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The effectiveness of costal cartilage excision in children for slipping rib syndrome., Joanna L. Gould, Rebecca M. Rentea, Pablo Aguayo, Shawn D. St Peter, and Ashwini S. Poola (Article)

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Predictors of variability in the length of surgery of posterior instrumented arthrodesis in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis., Aaron Heller, Roshan Melvani, Andrew Thome, Julia Leamon, and Richard M. Schwend (Article)

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Defining the Differences in Transverse Plane Trajectories for Thoracic Pedicle Screw Insertion: Anatomic Versus Medial., William R. Hotchkiss, Richard M. Schwend, Patrick P. Bosch, Heather J H Edgar, and Bonnie N. Young (Article)

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Early Detection of Idiopathic Scoliosis in Adolescents., M Timothy Hresko; Vishwas Talwalkar; Richard M. Schwend; and AAOS, SRS, and POSNA (Article)

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Cadaveric Analysis of the Distal Tibiofibular Syndesmosis., Michael Lilyquist, Adam Shaw, Kevin Latz, James Bogener, and Brock Wentz (Article)

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Combined posterolateral corner and acute anterior cruciate ligament injuries in an adolescent cohort: a magnetic resonance imaging analysis., Kenneth Aaron Shaw, Brian S. Dunoski, Neil J. Mardis, and Donna M. Pacicca (Article)

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The Effect of Bony Parameters on the Pediatric Knee: Normal versus Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury versus Tibial Spine Avulsion Fracture., Kenneth A. Shaw, Brian S. Dunoski, Neil J. Mardis, and Donna M. Pacicca (Article)

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Addressing the Global Disparities in the Delivery of Pediatric Orthopaedic Services: Opportunities for COUR and POSNA., Eric D. Shirley, Sanjeev Sabharwal, Richard M. Schwend, Cristina Cabral, and David Spiegel (Article)

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To Cast, to Saw, and Not to Injure: Can Safety Strips Decrease Cast Saw Injuries?, Natalie C. Stork, Rachel L. Lenhart, Blaise A. Nemeth, Kenneth J. Noonan, and Matthew A. Halanski (Article)

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Pregame Sore Throat, Postgame Intensive Care Unit., Natalie C. Stork and M Kyle Smoot (Article)

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How does differential rod contouring contribute to 3-dimensional correction and affect the bone-screw forces in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis instrumentation?, Xiaoyu Wang, Laure Boyer, Franck Le Naveaux, Richard M. Schwend, and Carl-Eric Aubin (Article)

Works from 2015

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Knee morphometric risk factors for acute anterior cruciate ligament injury in skeletally immature patients, Kenneth Aaron Shaw, Brian S. Dunoski, Neil J. Mardis, and Donna M. Pacicca (Article)

Works from 2012

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Bisphosphonates for pain management in children with benign cartilage tumors., Mark J. Winston, Tarak Srivastava, Dale E. Jarka, and Uri S. Alon (Article)

Works from 2011

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Bone marrow cavity: A supportive environment for islet engraftment, Karen Kover, Pei Ying Tong, Donna M. Pacicca, Mark A. Clements, Ariel M. Bodker, Christine Eidson, Mary Sheldon, Audrey Southard, Adnan Zaidi, and Wayne V. Moore (Article)