These posters have been presented at meetings in Children's Mercy and around the world. They represent research that was done at the time they were created, and may not represent medical knowledge or practice as it exists at the time viewers access these posters.>
Jennifer A. Lyon, Angie Knackstedt, Barbra Rudder, Mamta Reddy MD, and Courtney R. Butler
BACKGROUND: A multidisciplinary group at Children's Mercy Kansas City applied for and received the NNLM MCR's Immersive Workshop Grant in December, 2017, and used the funding to organize and host a two-day immersive, interprofessional workshop in April, 2018, that 1) brought together health literacy-invested groups and individuals within the Kansas City community to learn about health literacy including cultural, language, numeracy and digital inclusion factors; and 2) provided specialized training to targeted CM participants to improve the provision of bedside health information to patients and caregivers. Objectives included: increasing community-wide collaboration, sharing resources, encouraging participants to become change agents, and strategizing organizational initiatives. DESCRIPTION: The project team consisted of 2 librarians, a practicing physician, a child life specialist, and a nurse educator specializing in equity and diversity; all were past or present members of the institution's Health Literacy Committee. Day One, at the Public Library, was open to the community. Over 25 organizations involved with health literacy and health equity were invited to contribute speakers and participants. Dr. Ruth Parker of Emory University delivered two 'keynote' lectures. Other speakers represented an adult literacy volunteer agency, the Public Library, and an immigration support organization. Day Two was held internally, focusing on hospital employees professionally invested in promoting health literacy practices in patient care. Additional training on institution-specific resources was supplemented by interactive, hands-on practice sessions and brainstorming exercises intended to develop internal health literacy pilot projects, with encouragement to reconnect with the community organizations. CONCLUSIONS: Day One had 73 attendees (28% from the community). Day Two had 60 attendees. All participants were fully engaged throughout, including interactive brainstorming activities. All informal comments to organizers were positive and the planning team has received requests to repeat the workshop in the future. A survey was sent to all attendees (67-69% response rates). On a Likert scale from 1-5, the means on questions regarding health literacy awareness, motivation to take action, and increased knowledge of resources and collaboration opportunities ranged from 4.88-4.95 for both days. Internal projects are being developed and communication with external groups has steadily increased.
Predictive Performance of Existing Population Pharmacokinetic Models of Tacrolimus in Pediatric Kidney Transplant Recipients
Alenka Chapron and Susan M. Abdel-Rahman
With the goal of developing a clinician-driven tacrolimus (TAC) pharmacokinetic dosing tool, our initial objectives were 1) to examine whether published TAC population pharmacokinetic (popPK) models could serve as a foundation for the dosing tool, and 2) evaluate their performance predicting TAC concentrations in an independent cohort of Children's Mercy patients.
Alenka Chapron, Susan M. Abdel-Rahman, and Valentina Shakhnovich
We previously developed a population pharmacokinetic (popPK) model of pantoprazole for obese children. Our objective was to evaluate the predictive performance of this model in an independent cohort of normal weight, overweight and obese children.
Kelstan L. Ellis DO, Megan Tucker, and Jennifer Linebarger
This poster describes a review of the relationship between the Fetal Health Center and the Palliative Care team as the Palliative Care Team follows the patient family from prenatal through neonatal intensive care.
Nathan R. Fleishman, Troy Richardson, and Thomas M. Attard
This study compared the rate of fracture among pediatric patients exposed to proton pump inhibitors to the rate among patients without exposure, and also considered the fracture location among children exposed to proton pump inhibitors.
Paige Lundy, Emanuel Vlastos, and Paul A. Grabb
Prenatal closure of myelomeningoceles for fetuses with ventricular width of greater than 15 mm at the time of intrauterine screening (19-25 weeks) has been discouraged, but little is documented regarding the details of ventricle measurement, modality, and timing. This study concludes that ultrasound and MRI provide different results in regards to fetal ventricle size. If treatment recommendations are going to be offered or withheld based on the 15 mm "rule" the method of fetal imaging must be taken into account.
Benjamin A. Matta, Uri S. Alon, Tarak Srivastava, Bradley A. Warady, and Darcy Weidemann
This study's objective was to determine the effect of antihypertensive dose on hypertension status in children with chronic kidney disease. This was the first quantitative analysis of antihypertensive dose expressed as a newly developed measure, cDDI, and is relationship with hypertension status in children with CKD.
Neuroblastoma in Adolescents and Children Older than 10 Years: Unusual Clinicopathologic and Biologic Features
Laura McCarthy, Katherine Chastain, Terrie Flatt, Eugenio Taboada, Robert E. Garola, John Herriges, Linda D. Cooley, and Atif Ahmed
This poster describes four cases of neuroblastoma diagnosed since 2008 in children greater than 10 years and presents their clinical, histologic and biologic features, emphasizing unusual clinicopathologic characteristics and the role of DNA microarray analysis and Next Generation Sequencing in their management.
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) Agonist Improves Hyperandrogenism in an Adolescent Female with a Novel Insulin Receptor Gene Mutation
Emily Paprocki, Romina Barral, Heidi Vanden Brink, Maria E. Lujan, and Tania S. Burgert
We describe a case of an adolescent female with Type A insulin resistance whose severe hirsutism and hyperandrogenism were improved with leuprolide, despite extreme hyperinsulinemia. Ovarian volume decreased in association with the resolution of hyperandrogenism, consistent with ovarian size reflecting hyperandrogenism in adolescents.
This case allowed us to examine the frequently debated bidirectional relationship between insulin and hyperandrogenism, often deemed independent of gonadotropin activity.
Emily Paprocki, Ryan McDonough, Tiffany Musick, and Joseph Cernich
The American Diabetes Association guidelines recommend an annual foot exam in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes who are ten years old or older and who have been diagnosed with diabetes at least five years. Quality improvement tools were used to improve the care provided to our patients by implementing an annual food exam.
Joy Solano, Meghna Singh, Ashley K. Sherman, and Jennifer Linebarger
This study describes the influence of a palliative care team on location of death and location of death discussions with patients/caregivers, and determines whether location of death discussions influence location of death.
With palliative care or a location of death discussion, patients were less likely to die in the PICU and more likely to die at home. Location of death discussions were more likely to occur if a palliative care team was involved.
Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker, Dalya El Tawil, Jennifer Colombo, Nicholas Clark, and Kimberly J. Reid
Through this quality improvement project, we have assessed the current fellows' upper endoscopy skill level during their first year and determined that the time to achieving proficiency is significantly longer than desired. The goal is to prepare new fellows for endoscopy prior to the beginning of their rotations with a curriculum that includes assigned reading materials, videos, and simulated endoscopic cases, to promote safety and increase satisfaction of patients by improving the readiness, skill level, and the confidence of first year inexperienced fellows.
Practice Variations in Sedated Echocardiography and Impact on Repeat Echocardiography in Non-Refractory Kawasaki Disease
Nicholas Clark, Troy Richardson, Jennifer E. Schuster, Anitha Parthiban, and Henry T. Puls
This study discovered significant variation among children's hospitals in the use of sedated echocardiiography for children <30 months of age with non-refractory Kawasaki disease prior to the American Heart Association 2017 Kawasake disease guideline update. Consideration should be given to performing sedated echocardiography as it may reduce the need for repeat echos without impacting length of stay or total>costs.
Nicholas Clark, Julia Simmons, Angela Etzenhouser, Troy Richardson, Patrick Brady, and Eugenia K. Pallotto
Describes a quality improvement project to increase two-way discharge communication between pediatric hospitalists and primary care providers from 7% to >80% within 18 months.
Benjamin A. Matta, Uri S. Alon, Bradley Warady MD, Tarak Srivastava, and Darcy Weidemann
Hypertension (HTN) is a highly prevalent and major risk factor for poor cardiovascular and renal outcomes in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Previous research suggests that HTN is underdiagnosed and undertreated in children with CKD. To our knowledge no studies have investigated the effect of antihypertensive (antiHTN) dose on blood pressure (BP) control in this population.
To determine the effect of antiHTN dose on HTN status in children with CKD.
Study population: 255 participants studied in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study at their 3rd visit, taking at least 1 antiHTN drug.
Cumulative Drug Dose Index (cDDI): We developed a new quantitative tool, Drug Dose Index (DDI) which is expressed as a ratio between the current dose and the maximum potential dose, accounting for age, weight and renal dose adjustments. cDDI = sum DDI for all antiHTN agents for a subject.
Primary outcome: HTN status - controlled HTN (cHTN) or uHTN (= masked HTN or ambulatory HTN).
Secondary outcome: Left ventricular hypertrophy.
Statistical analysis: Univariate analysis: Comparison of cDDI between the outcome groups. Multivariate Logistic Regression: 2 models with outcomes: uHTN and LVH.
This was the 1st quantitative analysis of antiHTN dose (cDDI), and its relationship with HTN status in children with CKD. No differences in cDDI between uHTN vs. cHTN, or LVH vs. no LVH, but higher cDDI was associated with AH on univariate analysis. RAASi and diuretic use were associated with lower odds of uHTN. Non-Caucasian race, absence of RAASi and diuretic agents, and higher number of agents were associated with uHTN. Female gender, higher BMI z-score, lower eGFR, higher number of agents and lower cDDI were associated with LVH. Further research is needed to validate the use of cDDI and the the roles of medication class and dose on BP control in children with CKD.
Amanda Nedved, Kathleen Berg, Troy Richardson, Amanda Montalbano, and Matthew B. Johnson
Despite the availability of a bronchiolitis CPG; variation in care practices still existed at our institution. The aim of our quality improvement (QI) project was to increase overall adherence with our institutional CPG in patients 60 days to 24 months of age diagnosed with bronchiolitis in the urgent care centers (UCC), emergency departments (ED), and general inpatient units from a baseline of 40.9% to 60% by the end of two bronchiolitis seasons.
Weighted Pathway Genetic Load Analysis of Hyperbilirubinemic Infants Indicates a Potential Genetic Component for Susceptibility to Bilirubin Neurotoxicity
Sean M. Riordan, Jean-Baptiste LePichon, Steven Shapiro, John Cowden, Monica VillaGullen, Laurence Thielemans, Dina Villanueva Garcia, and Jesus Aguirre-Hernandez
Severe kernicterus spectrum disorder (KSD) is described as motor and auditory deficits resulting from brain damage caused by hyperbilirubinemia. The severity of HB does not always predict the severity of injury. The lack of a strong monogenetic link to susceptibility suggests bilirubin-induced brain damage may be due to impaired bilirubin response pathways. This poster describes work to use a modified pathway genetic load (mPGL) score method to perform a targeted genetic analysis of whole exome data from patients with various degrees of neonatal HB, with an ultimate goal of developing a neonatal screen to susceptibiltiy to bilirubin neurotoxicity.
Sean M. Riordan, Jean-Baptiste LePichon, Steven Shapiro, Tina Slusher, Fatima Abdullahi, Hafsat M. Suleiman, Victor C. Pam, Mamu B. Samuel, Christopher S. Yilgwan, Christian Isichei, and Idris Y. Mohammed
Acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) and kernicterus spectrum disorder (KSD) have become relatively uncommon in high income countries but remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in low- and middle-income countries. To better understand the relationship between free (Bf) and total (TB) bilirubin levels and the development of ABE and KSD we followed infants born in three large tertiary centers in northern and central Nigeria (Jos, Kano and Zaria).
Isa Abdulkadir, Tina Slusher, Fidelia Bode-Thomas, Sean Riordan, Jean-Baptiste LePichon, Laila Hassan, Shehu Abdullahi, Akinyemi Ofakunrin, Stephen Oguche, Steven Shapiro, and William Ogala
This poster presents a collaboration between a group of scientists in Nigeria and the USA in developing a genomic research project and the solutions adopted in tackling the ethical implications and partnership equity and ownership of such a project.
Identifying Structural Factors Associated with Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSI) Risk in a Single-Center Pediatric Academic Hospital
Elizabeth Monsees, Paul N. Bauer, Yolanda Ballam, and Brian R. Lee
Objective: compare unit structure and process-related factors against unit-specific CLABSI rate.
Conclusion: CLABSI mitigation requires more than individual competence with task-related practices; the unique work ecology of each clinical area may broadly influence CLABSI as an outcome; extending analyses to consider organizational structure can inform resource allocation and recalibrate traditional prevention strategies.
Rylee Ainge, Mackenzie Flaws, Natalie Heim, Emily Herndon, Hayley Norris, and Amy L. Scott
Describes experience providing care at the Botswana-Baylor Children's Center of Excellence in Gabarone, Botswana and the Princess Marina Hospital.
Describes her experience working in the Philippine General Hospital/University of the Philippines providing care in the pediatric ICU, neonatal ICU, and emergency department.
Examining Nurse Resiliency & a Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Intervention to Prevent Nurse Burnout
Nurses continually give of themselves at work, as well as outside of work. This results in extensive stress, physiological distress, and ultimately burnout for individuals in the nursing profession. Nurses that work in high-stress environments, such as critical care, pediatrics, and oncology, are at a significantly increased risk of manifesting physical and psychological symptoms of burnout syndrome, compassion fatigue, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Many of these factors are leading to nurses leaving the profession prematurely, resulting in significantly high turnover rates. High burnout and turnover rates of nurses result in the lack of adequate nursing staff in hospitals, which in turn results in the inadequate ability to provide safe and effective care to patients. Resilience is a topic that has gained much discussion in recent years surrounding the significant burdens nurses are experiencing. Nurses with resilience exhibit a heightened awareness, internal stability, and flexibility that allow them to navigate high-stress situations. The goal of resilience training and education is to enable nurses to respond to clinically challenging situations in ways that will protect them against detrimental consequences. Mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR) has gained significant headway in recent years as a valuable, evidence based intervention to increase resiliency in nurses, improve job satisfaction, and reduce burnout. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to implement a MBSR course for nursing staff to improve nurse resiliency in a mid-western freestanding Children’s hospital. This project examined nurse resiliency pre-intervention, and post-intervention utilizing the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, as well as compassion fatigue, compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary traumatic stress pre-intervention, and post-intervention using the Professional Quality of Life scale. Results of the project indicate that resilience scores improved, at a statistically significant level, from pre-intervention to post-intervention.
Describes a global health learning experience with Baylor International Pediatric AIDS Initiative in Swaziland.